Rules of Engagement

The ROE3 application (Rules of Engagement Evaluation Environment) adds sophisticated modelling of ROE (Rules of Engagement) to simulation environments. In the past, the modeling of ROE in a simulation context has been fairly rudimentary (e.g., setting fire permissions and target priorities in the OneSAF Testbed Baseline).

A key problem in modelling how military personnel behave during a conflict is to understand how ROE are interpreted with respect to the tactical environment and mission goals to be achieved. Until ROE3, the following factors were not modelled:

  • ROE,
  • how a person selects a tactic within the scope of several ROE being applied simultaneously, and
  • how this selection process is affected by the type of operation, psychological aspects of the person, and moderating influences experienced by that person (such as stress or fatigue).

Whether during drafting, training or conflict, ROE present a variety of challenges and tradeoffs. For example, ROE designed to limit escalation can put friendly forces at risk, particularly where the enemy has no formal ROE. Evaluating draft ROE is a major challenge in the absence of a conflict arena.

ROE3 offers a number of significant benefits:

  • Candidate ROE can be systematically evaluated for effectiveness and unforeseen implications.
  • ROE3 encourages ROE formalisation standards, thus reducing the cost and time taken to evaluate changes to ROE.
  • ROE3 includes modeling human variability factors like stress and fatigue, thereby supporting the evaluation of how these moderators can affect ROE application in a wide variety of circumstances.

This application is described in more detail here: BRIMS 2007 Best Paper

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